Justice4Poland

Connecting true geography and detailed unfolding of wide variety of crimes perpetrated by German/Ukrainian Nazis and communist Soviet Union on the Polish nation.

“Wolyn Aflame” & ” Genocide”


Books reviews by JAN Peczkis

 

Everyone has heard of the 5-6 million Jews, but who has ever heard of the genocide directed against the Poles–by Germans, Russians, and Ukrainians? The author of this book, who personally witnessed the tragic events, has written about the attempted Ukrainian Nationalist genocide directed against the rural Poles of Wolyn. Although the events occurred over 60 years ago, this book is timely if only because of the fact that Ukrainians and Ukrainian emigres, to this day, largely refuse to acknowledge the crimes of the OUN-UPA, and even falsely try to blame this evil on the Poles.

Wolyn had, for centuries if not millennia, been a region of mixed Polish-Ukrainian population. Wolyn had been part of Poland for centuries, but the Ukrainian nationalists wanted it as part of a future independent Ukraine. During the German occupation of the region in WWII, the fascist OUN-UPA began a campaign of agitation and forced conscription of local Ukrainians against Poles, using terror against Ukrainians who were opposed to the genocidal policies of the so-called Ukrainian Insurgent Army (UPA). In time, some 60,000 Wolynian Poles were murdered in the most sadistic manner. This included death by burning alive, impaling on stakes, grotesque mutilation of the body, children thrown down wells, etc.

Ozarowski details the defensive measures taken by the Poles, often against overwhelming odds. He details the unsuccessful efforts at Stepanska Huta and the successful defended villages in such places as Przebraze and Zasmyki. He also discusses in great detail the 27th Wolynian Division of the AK (Polish Home Army), of which he was a part.


This work clarifies some matters related to Polish-guerrilla action, and I mention two of them.

Owing to the fact that the Communist GL-AL bands stole from the people, some have argued that “all guerrilla organizations did it”. This is not true. The Armia Krajowa (A. K.) did not steal from Poles. A. K. representatives would buy provisions from the peasants. (p. 280).

Some Polonophobes have levelled the accusation that, whereas Polish neighbors could (supposedly) not trust their neighbors when hiding Jews, they could trust their Polish neighbors for Underground activities. This is not true. Polish Underground activity was conducted in the strictest secrecy. This became obvious when members of the Volhynian A. K. came out in the open to fight the Germans. Ozarowski comments, “They came as individuals and in groups, having previously been secret members of various underground outfits known only to their commanders. In Kowel everyone came to realize just how extensive the underground conspiracy had been all along. Everyone was surprised to learn that his neighbor had ALSO been a member of the conspiracy all this time and had pretended to be submissive to the Germans. Many of the railroad workers from Kowel were astonished to see their former janitor at the Kowel train station now wearing a uniform and assuming leadership as Major `Kowal'” (emphasis in original)(p. 151).

 

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https://www.amazon.com/Wolyn-Aflame-Filip-Ozarowski/product-reviews/0965548813/ref=cm_cr_dp_text?ie=UTF8&showViewpoints=0&sortBy=helpful#R3OSKYRQV8P8F9

 

” Genocide”

Encyclopedia of Genocide of the Jews and Poles of Tarnopol (Ternopil) Voivodship 20 Dec. 2008

This comprehensive work follows a county-by-county, village-by-village format, giving a summary of local events from 1939-1946. Based upon the testimonies of 2,956 eyewitnesses, 23,102 Poles, most known by name, are known to have been murdered by the Ukrainian fascist-separatist OUN-UPA. (pp. 5-6). Coverage is incomplete, and lacking entirely for one-third of all villages, so the projected total of Polish victims in this Voivodship alone is 40,000-50,000.

Claims that the OUN-UPA didn’t kill Jews are absurdly revisionistic. In fact, the Ukrainian German-collaborating police, which subordinated itself to the OUN under penalty of death (p. 618), and which later formed the core of the UPA, was instrumental in the Nazi extermination of Jews–as listed on too many pages to enumerate. Members of this police were also trained to locate fugitive Jews. (p. 267). Later, the UPA itself frequently murdered Jews (p. 40, 41, 42, 113, 153, 195, 247, 249, 302, 394, 402, 404, 440, 524, 648, etc.)–despite the rarity of still-surviving Jews by this time.

Named Ukrainian Greek-Catholic priests encouraged Ukrainians to murder Poles (p. 40, 41, 74, 164, 304, 320, 332, 339, 400, 597, 601), and even engaged in the blessing of knives, etc., for these mass-murder campaigns. (p. 38, 341, 387, 418, 533, 760, etc.). Other Ukrainian priests saved Poles (p. 424), condemned the OUN-UPA’s crimes (p. 41, 697, 701), and are known to have been murdered for such “treason”. (p. 180, 416, 489). Many other Ukrainians were murdered for warning, aiding, or hiding Poles.

Ukrainian support for the OUN-UPA varied geographically. For instance, the Brzezany (Berezhany) area had already been a hotbed of OUN separatist violence before WWII, and an area where many retreating 1939 Polish soldiers were deceived, disarmed, and murdered. Other Polish soldiers fought off these attacks (p. 111, 118). On the other hand, the vast majority of the Ukrainians of Palikrowy repudiated the OUN-UPA and its crimes. (pp. 596-597).

Ukrainian fascism was, in some ways, more fascist than Nazism. UPA members, acting spontaneously or as ordered, murdered even their Polish wives, mothers, and fathers. (p. 160, 240, 301, 506, 642, 670, 675, 694, 1133). Ukrainian villagers who refused to participate in the murders of Polish relatives and neighbors were themselves murdered (p. 50, 75, 94, 148, 153, 175, 177, 206, 207, 347, 381, 473, 601)–as were Ukrainians who even HAD Polish relatives of friends. (40, 52, 54, 62, etc.). Self-identification as a Rusin could itself bring death. (p. 203). Refusal to join or perform services for the UPA was a capital crime, as was even the act of criticizing UPA policies. (p. 41, 137, 172, 175, 180, 235, 439, 465, 481, 489, 640, 662, 893, etc.).

The many Polish-created samoobrony (defended villages)(mentioned at over 30 locations) often beat off large UPA attacks with relatively small losses. But even when faced with an overwhelming UPA force, which often enjoyed the support of incendiary shell-firing small artillery that ignited village buildings, armed Poles often managed to save their own lives, and that of many other Poles, by creating combat-related commotion that enabled successful hiding or fleeing.

The second Soviet occupation (1944) began with overall Soviet indifference to the UPA murders of Poles (p. 167, 360, 891), and with the samoobrony weakened by the compulsory draft of military-age men into the Red Army–which the UPA took prompt advantage of. (pp. 480-481). Later, the Soviets exploited the desperate Poles as an anti-UPA tool by setting up the “Strebki” (Istriebitielny Bataliony). This Soviet-legitimized the samoobrony, and enabled the usually-effective protection of Polish settlements (as listed on many pages)–excepting some dual-loyalty Russian- or Ukrainian-commanded units. (p. 42, 656). (Ukrainian complaints about “Bolshevik-lackey Poles”, encountered in the LITOPYS UPA series regarding Czerwonogrod (p. 432), are laughable in view of the earlier 1939-1941 Ukrainian collaboration with Soviets against Poles, as well as the UPA-genocidal circumstances that drove Poles to the Soviets.)

By 1946, the Soviets had expelled most Poles as part of the terms of the 1943 Teheran Churchill-Roosevelt giveaway of these lands to the Soviet Union. Some UPA murderers followed the Polish expellees to Poland in her postwar boundaries, and some of these, in a macabre form of identity theft, took the names of their victims. (p. 102, 141, 618). Many others emigrated to the west and escaped justice for their crimes.

 

https://www.amazon.co.uk/Ludobojstwo-nacjonalistow-ukrainskich-wojewodztwie-tarnopolskim/dp/8389684500

 

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One comment on ““Wolyn Aflame” & ” Genocide”

  1. ROBERT JAROSZ
    July 17, 2016

    PIAŚNICA MASSARES

    The “Other” Katyń – How Nazi Germany Slaughtered Thousands, Including its Own, in the Forests of Northern Poland

    http://inside-poland.com/t/the-other-katyn-how-nazi-germany-slaughtered-thousands-including-its-own-in-the-forests-of-northern-poland/

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