Justice4Poland.com

Connecting true geography and detailed unfolding of wide variety of crimes perpetrated by German/Ukrainian Nazis and jewish bolsheviks of Soviet Union on the Polish nation.

The 1944 Warsaw Uprising


Chlopcy warszawscy w powstaniu

Go, passer-by, and tell the world
That we perished in the cause,
Faithful to our orders.

 

 

The 1st of August marks the beginning of one of the most heroic, but also most tragic chapters in the history of the Second World War. On this day, troops of the Polish Home Army (AK) launched Operation Tempest, an armed insurrection designed to liberate Warsaw from the Germans and re-establish control for the Polish Government-in-Exile. The Uprising, though aimed militarily against the Germans, also had an underlying political motive: to prevent the installation of a Communist puppet regime by the Soviets, who by this stage had reached the banks of the Vistula and were within sight of the occupied city.

 

When the Warsaw Rising broke at 5.00 pm on 1 August 1944, the German response was grimly predictable. It was summed up by Heinrich Himmler, who wrote to Hitler informing him of events and stating that “the action of the Poles is a blessing. We shall finish them off…Warsaw will be liquidated, and this city…capital of a nation… that has blocked our path to the east for 700 years…will cease to exist.”

http://www.polishresistance-ak.org/PR_WWII_texts_En/18_Article_En.pdf

http://www.polishresistance-ak.org/18_Artikel_De.htm

Despite a severe lack of supplies, communications and even food, the insurrectionists fought the Nazis for over a month, supported by the civilian population who were deliberately targeted and butchered throughout the conflict.
Incredibly, the Soviets halted their advance and did nothing to assist the Poles — even refusing the Allies airspace so that they could drop much-needed supplies.

Desperately outnumbered, out-gunned and alone, the Poles eventually surrendered on 1st of September.

For some German soldiers, it brought with it uncomfortable truths. One noted that “it is sad but true, but they have fought better than us.” Another was profoundly disillusioned: “it has become clear to me”, he wrote, “that we are not the nation that embodies strength, nationalism and a sense of sacrifice.” He added: “The Poles have shown qualities that we cannot.”

As the Rising finally drew to a close in early October, and the exhausted and half-starved insurgents gathered to surrender their weapons and march into captivity, many German soldiers saw their opponents face to face for the first time. They could not but be impressed. Some wrote home detailing the “noble bearing” of the Polish fighters, and contrasting the image of men marching smartly in close order with the propaganda stereotype of the rabble of ‘bandits’ and ‘partisans’. Others wrote with admiration of their “exemplary” and “unbowed patriotism.” Those that witnessed the Polish surrender would scarcely be able to forget it.

The city they had fought for was ordered by Himmler to be razed to the ground — systematic destruction that even Dresden or Stalingrad did not match.

By the time the Soviets entered in January the following year, nothing had been left of Warsaw but rubble, dust and misery — and 45 years of Communism were yet to come.

 

==========================================================

 

The Warsaw Rising is a topic of strong historical and emotional significance for Poles, but yet is one that is not as visible for many outside of Poland, although it took place at a key time in World War 2, and can possibly be seen as a key trigger for the Cold War.
The book “Rising ’44: The Battle for Warsaw” is written by Norman Davies, the pre-eminent ‘Western’ writer on Poland and its history. With a strong pedigree in presenting Polish history through examples such as “God’s Playground”, Davies can be trusted to tell the stories of Poland that were not recognised outside.

Davis-Raising 44   Davies presents the story of the Uprising as “one of the greatest tragedies of the 20th century” and “a story that has never been properly told”. In order to frame the story well, it is split into the three parts. First comes before the Rising, particularly trying to focus on Poles and how they were impacted by and were impacting the war so far, in order to give an understanding where the desire for Uprising came from.
In the centre of the story he tells about the Rising, chronicling the 63 days from August to early October 1944. This middle section is particularly strong and emotive, as he splices in inserts and personal experiences from those involved, mostly from the perspectives of the Varsovians, but also with German, Soviet, British and American views.
In the final section, he covers the aftermath of the Rising and what it meant for Warsaw, Poles and Poland.
The introduction focuses on Poland as the ‘First Ally’, being the reason why Britain declared war on Germany. By 1944, with the Germans on the retreat and the Soviets advancing through eastern Poland, the decision was agreed to make a break against the tyranny of oppressors and launch an insurgency. However – as Davies recounts – the Rising was beset by issues and looking back had a minimal chance of success.
Politics between the Western allies and within each country involved left the Warsaw insurgents mostly fighting alone.
The Germans also chose that moment to stage a fight back, recognizing Warsaw as a key defense point as the capital, trying to hold off the Soviet advance. It resulted in them preferring to demolish Warsaw than give it up.
There was also the case where the Soviets mysteriously stopped their advance on the east bank of the Vistula for two months, after having made rapid gains in the preceding months. For Poles, it was a repeat of history up to and including 1939, where larger neighbours split Poland as they pleased, and allies were slow to react.
There is a chilling mournfulness to the image the account conjures up – Russian soldiers literally sunbathing on one side of the Vistula while the Germans literally obliterated Warsaw streets by street on the other. Certainly it is an image that moves Professor Davies, who is by general consent the most distinguished historian of Poland in the world today, as well as one of the most widely read and widely translated historians of Europe. Professor Davies is probably best known internationally for his 1,363-page book “Europe: A History,” published by Oxford University Press in 1996 and, at last count, translated into 24 languages, including Arabic and Chinese. But there have been several other books on Poland along the way, including “White Eagle, Red Star,” a history of the 1920-21 Polish-Soviet war, and “God’s Playground,” widely viewed as the best single-volume general history of Poland.
IN Professor Davies’s complex account, the big three World War II leaders – Roosevelt, Churchill and Stalin – were locked in an embrace of necessity that essentially served Stalin’s interest in squeezing the life out of Poland’s aspirations for independence.
“If Roosevelt and Churchill had made a proposal to Stalin, saying ‘These Poles are our allies,’ I don’t know what Stalin would have done, but my point is that they never made such a proposal, and that could only have increased Stalin’s sense of uncertainty,” Professor Davies said.
Particularly interesting was the presentation of what the post-war effect was. In terms of Warsaw as a city, 75% of it was destroyed. Up to 200,000 civilian deaths were estimated, meaning the population was decimated! And then with the political wrangling, the Soviets installed the Communist government which would rule for 45 years afterwards!
This was the final blow for those who had fought to free Poland. The Communists denied the Uprising taking place, as the lack of Soviet involvement and support was airbrushed from history. This meant insurgents being arrested and tried as ‘anti-Soviet’ with some sentenced to the Gulags.
When recognition was given later for an uprising in Warsaw, the Soviets acknowledged the Uprising. It wasn’t until the 1980’s when Poles could begin to talk about it. This is partially why those in ‘Western’ countries have little understanding of it.
Davies’ portrayal of the events of August and September 1944 are strong, and his ties to Poland make it a particularly emotive topic. He does not hold back in criticizing the bumbling of the Americans and British in trying to support, and their failings through political wrangling in trying to appease Stalin. He recognizes the cold approach of the Soviets, which he notes is a fore-runner of the Soviets extending their sphere of influence ending in the Iron Curtain dividing Europe. The communist regime in Poland, and it’s re-writing of history also get criticism, while the citizens of Warsaw get some credit, but ultimately it’s seen as a thankless sacrifice which was worthless in the end.
The book is a very strong retelling of the situations. Davies’ emotions shine through, but one or two other choices in presentation are difficult to follow. For example, he made a point of anglicizing all Polish names of individuals involved, cities, streets and other locations.
This may actually confuse the story, not fully connecting with the individuals, as the names seemed to be more nicknames or code names. But overall, it told a story many not heard before and is one that everyone should be aware of.

 

LINKS

http://www.warsawuprising.com/

http://www.polishresistance-ak.org/4%20Article.htm

http://www.skarbek.com.au/bv/warsaw_uprising.htm

 

The place of mass execution in Warsaw

 

Polish citizens against the wall before ecexution

Warsaw civilians before execution

 

1939-killed Poles

 

Warsaw civilians executed

 

Executed Warsaw citizens

 

Ashes of executed hospital patiens in Warsaw

 

Burnt Polish citizens of Warsaw

Burnt hospital patients

 

Ashes of burnt Warsaw citizens

 

PolishChild grieving the loss of a parent g

Warsaw child grieving the loss of a parent

 

German killers of Warsaw citizens

 

 

German Accounts;
Mathias Schenk; http://www.warsawuprising.com/witness/schenk.htm

 

Lt. Eberhard Schmalz; http://www.warsawuprising.com/witness/schmalz.htm

 

Lt. Peter Stolten; http://www.warsawuprising.com/witness/stolten.htm

 

Hans Thieme: http://www.warsawuprising.com/witness/thieme.htm

 

German SS Correspondent ; http://www.warsawuprising.com/witness/german.htm

 

German tank attacks using Polish civilians;

http://www.warsawuprising.com/witness/zagorski1.htm

 

Powstancy warszawscy The Warsaw “soldiers”

 

national_armed_forces

 

Polish resistance launches Warsaw Uprising

 

 

Warsaw Uprising in Colour

 

 

THE LOST CITY

 

THERE IS A CITY THAT STOPS FOR ONE MINUTE EVERY YEAR

 

 

 

POLISH~11

 

 

LONG LIVE POLAND!!!  ALWAYS AND FOREVER!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

One comment on “The 1944 Warsaw Uprising

  1. Pingback: Poles in silent homage 70 years after Warsaw Uprising | Justice4Poland

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

Information

This entry was posted on July 7, 2014 by in Poland, Polish history, War, World War 2.

Archives

Blog Stats

  • 1,159,852 hits
July 2014
M T W T F S S
« Jun   Aug »
 123456
78910111213
14151617181920
21222324252627
28293031  

Please Support Justice4Poland

Your modest financial contribution helps this blog to exist. Thank you kindly.
=====

Wasze wsparcie umożliwia istnienie tego bloga. Jeśli identyfikujesz się z celami naszego bloga wesprzyj nas darowizną poprzez system PayPal.
Jesteśmy wdzięczni za skromne donacje.
Dziękujemy

************

Opinie wyrażane w tekstach lub komentarzach pod artykułami publikowanymi na łamach JUSTICE4POLAND są własnością autorów i niekoniecznie odpowiadają opiniom wyrażanym przez nasza Redakcje .

 

 

 

Follow Justice4Poland.com on WordPress.com

All information, data, and material contained, presented, or provided on justice4poland.com is for educational purposes only. It is not to be construed or intended as providing medical or legal advice. Any views expressed here-in are not necessarily those held by justice4poland.com

ENOUGH LIES

DOSYĆ KŁAMSTW

Walczmy z przejawami antypolonizmu

Translate

WOLNI SŁOWIANIE

Celem jest wpłynięcie na pobudkę polskich Słowian, abyśmy odzyskali naszą ojczyznę

Tarig Anter on Protect & Reinvent Democracy

Protect Democracy & Expose Western Liberal Democracy

xebola

"Dla triumfu zła potrzeba tylko, by dobrzy ludzie nic nie robili"

Wirtualna Polonia BIS im. Włodka Kulińskiego

" - Wyśmiewani za niemodny patriotyzm, wierni Bogu i Ojczyźnie podnieśliśmy głowy."

AdNovum

Prawda zawsze zwycięża

M-forum A.V Live.

ARTYKUŁY PRASOWE , NIUS INFO , POLITYKA GOSPODARKA, POLSKA I ŚWIAT , FILMY , REPORTAŻE , STREAM LIVE

Paradigm Shift 101

Looking at the world in a different light

WIERNI POLSCE SUWERENNEJ

Strona Stowarzyszenia Wierni Polsce Suwerennej

Niezłomni.com

Connecting true geography and detailed unfolding of wide variety of crimes perpetrated by German/Ukrainian Nazis and jewish bolsheviks of Soviet Union on the Polish nation.

WOLNI SŁOWIANIE

Celem jest wpłynięcie na pobudkę polskich Słowian, abyśmy odzyskali naszą ojczyznę

Tarig Anter on Protect & Reinvent Democracy

Protect Democracy & Expose Western Liberal Democracy

xebola

"Dla triumfu zła potrzeba tylko, by dobrzy ludzie nic nie robili"

Wirtualna Polonia BIS im. Włodka Kulińskiego

" - Wyśmiewani za niemodny patriotyzm, wierni Bogu i Ojczyźnie podnieśliśmy głowy."

AdNovum

Prawda zawsze zwycięża

M-forum A.V Live.

ARTYKUŁY PRASOWE , NIUS INFO , POLITYKA GOSPODARKA, POLSKA I ŚWIAT , FILMY , REPORTAŻE , STREAM LIVE

Paradigm Shift 101

Looking at the world in a different light

WIERNI POLSCE SUWERENNEJ

Strona Stowarzyszenia Wierni Polsce Suwerennej

Niezłomni.com

Connecting true geography and detailed unfolding of wide variety of crimes perpetrated by German/Ukrainian Nazis and jewish bolsheviks of Soviet Union on the Polish nation.

Niezależne Media Podlasia

Just another WordPress.com site

SKRiBH

zeskrobywanie nieprawdy i czepianie się słów

Connecting true geography and detailed unfolding of wide variety of crimes perpetrated by German/Ukrainian Nazis and jewish bolsheviks of Soviet Union on the Polish nation.

Wolna Polska – Wiadomości

Connecting true geography and detailed unfolding of wide variety of crimes perpetrated by German/Ukrainian Nazis and jewish bolsheviks of Soviet Union on the Polish nation.

Spory o historię i współczesność

Prywatny blog historyczny Bohdana Piętki

Kekusz.pl

Connecting true geography and detailed unfolding of wide variety of crimes perpetrated by German/Ukrainian Nazis and jewish bolsheviks of Soviet Union on the Polish nation.

ProstoPoPolsku

Connecting true geography and detailed unfolding of wide variety of crimes perpetrated by German/Ukrainian Nazis and jewish bolsheviks of Soviet Union on the Polish nation.

Wiadomości

Connecting true geography and detailed unfolding of wide variety of crimes perpetrated by German/Ukrainian Nazis and jewish bolsheviks of Soviet Union on the Polish nation.

Connecting true geography and detailed unfolding of wide variety of crimes perpetrated by German/Ukrainian Nazis and jewish bolsheviks of Soviet Union on the Polish nation.

Vanishing American II

OURSELVES AND OUR POSTERITY

%d bloggers like this: