Justice4Poland.com

Connecting true geography and detailed unfolding of wide variety of crimes perpetrated by German/Ukrainian Nazis and jewish bolsheviks of Soviet Union on the Polish nation.

Communists vs. “Reactionary Underground” in Stalinist Poland


Zolnierze Armii Krajowej

In post-World War II Poland, the Office of State Security (UB or ‘the Office’) focused its attention to what was called the “reactionary underground.” The Communists, who ran the Provisional Government, struggled with the opposition. It was the armed resistance, however, that was the Provisional Government’s hated rival.

 

Communists fight Home Army in Polish “civil war”

From 1944 to 1947, the political balance of power placed the Communist regime at a disadvantage. In mid-1944 the Home Army (AK), which felt the government-in-exile in London was the true ruling force in Poland, numbered between 250,000 and 300,000 soldiers. The Peasant Battalion, which often worked in concert with the AK, had about 158,000 men. The Communist-led People’s Guard claimed a very inflated figure of 40,000. The Soviet Red Army in Poland helped balance affairs for the Communists’ side, but even their commanding presence could not prevent a lengthy and violent struggle that at times took on the appearance of a civil war.

Jakub Berman, a Polish Jew and the number two man in the Communist Polish government (after President Boleslaw Bierut) from 1945 to 1956, describes that early period in post-war Poland: “When we were taking power the situation was unstable and we were fighting a civil war. They shot at us and we, out of necessity shot at them; the shooting was fierce and people were often ruthlessly liquidated. Hundreds of party people, security people, and soldiers from the Internal Security Corps were killed; every one who was suspect was stopped on the road.”

Terror used to liquidate opposition to Communists

During this time, terror was a strategic weapon of the Communists. It was used to extend and tighten their power and influence throughout Poland. The main goal: total liquidation of any and all political opposition. The UB helped in this political struggle through Stalinist terror, terror, and more bloody terror. The proliferation of the terror apparatus was justified by the threat to the existence of the regime: “between 1944 and 1947 the opposition was real, strong, armed, and often ruthless.”

In the midst of this unstable period, about 1,500 Polish Jews were killed. Why were Jews killed in Poland after the Holocaust? Schatz writes, “The wartime German occupation resulted in a barbarization of social life, and Nazi propaganda contributed to the dehumanization of the Jew in the public mind. Against this background, the fact that Jewish Communists were conspicuous in the regime’s side of the power struggle reinforced one of the traditional elements in the image of the Jew, namely, that of a servant of anti-Polish interests.” Thus they were also killed as members of the repressive UB.

Arrest, torture and execution of Home Army heroes

Stalin used Jews in the Office to carry out his plans in crushing resistance. Among them was Jozef Swaitlo (born Fleichfarb). In 1945, Swaitlo took part in the arrests of 16 commanders of the Home Army and two in the Peasant Battalion. From then until his defection to the U.S. in 1953, Swaitlo (nick-named ‘Butcher’) bloodied his hands in his role of torture master in the UB.

Stefen Staszewski said, “When they murdered Home Army people in security service cellars they weren’t maintaining any appearances. And they kept up no appearances when they arrested thousands of people.” Explains Staszewski, “I asked everyone from the gentlemen from security to [Polish President] Bierut, whether it was possible that people in Poland were being beaten, tortured and forced into confessing. They swore to me on their word of honor that it wasn’t so…”

The Home Army was seen by the vast majority of Poles to be heroes of the German occupation and Polish patriots. Many AK members hated the Communists, and fought against them after the end of the war. Most Poles despised the regime that hunted the AK down like dogs, tortured and murdered them in cellars around Poland, and put national heroes on trial.

Among the people who hounded the AK was a Jewish woman, Helena Wolinska Brus. In 1950, Wolinska was working in a Defense Ministry office in Warsaw as a military prosecutor. The mistress of the Communist chief of police, she was well connected in the “new” Poland. That year saw her sign an arrest warrant for General Emil Fieldorf, known by the alias of ‘Nil,’ a hero and the leader of the AK.

Fieldorf was sentenced to death by hanging in 1953 as the result of a secretive and farcical eight-hour trial. Wolinska signed his arrest warrant willingly. She also took part in the arrest of 14 others in the Home Army. “They called themselves partisans,” Wolinska said in 1998, “we called them bandits. It was a civil war.”

She illegally extended Fieldorf’s arrest without formally charging him or producing any evidence. The initial charge against the General was that he violated a law against the “use of force with the aim of changing the character of the Polish state.” It was claimed that Fieldorf was a “fascist-Hitlerite criminal” when the charges were later changed. This change, from a military to a civil court, gave the authorities the power to execute Fieldorf if he was found guilty.

The AK had a division — called Zegota — that took responsibility for saving Jews from the Nazis. A placard from the war reads, in part: “The German murderer is trying to tell the world that it was we who set fire to the Warsaw ghetto and we who murdered Jews, and the part played by the German soldiers in this crime is called ‘armed intervention’….[We] are already sentencing to death [Polish] traitors and the extortionists who give away Jews to the German hangmen, and soon the courts of the Free Polish Republic will carry out a full measure ofjustice against such individuals.”

Ironically, Wolinska arrested Wladyslaw Bartoszewski, the Home Army officer who led Zegota. Several other members of Zegota were also arrested in 1948-9. Bartoszewski, who spent 18 months in prison in the early 1950s without being brought to trial, recalls being shown blank and undated arrest warrants signed by Helena Wolinska. This was proof that he could be held in prison indefinitely.

When asked about Poles who saved Jews during the war being arrested and persecuted by Jews after the war, Jakub Berman said, “It was wrong that that happened. Certainly it was wrong. At that time I didn’t yet have any facts about what this ‘Zegota’ did, it was only later that my brother [Adolf Berman, a leading member of Zegota] told me about it. it was a small group, but very dedicated, and it took enormous risks to look after Jews during the war… .We later released them all.” How long was Zegota leader Bartoszewski in jail? Seven long years.

 

Source: https://suite.io/eric-brothers/4fzv207

 

Smierc wrogom ojczyzny!

2 comments on “Communists vs. “Reactionary Underground” in Stalinist Poland

  1. Cj aka Elderofzyklons Blog
    June 14, 2014

    Reblogged this on ElderofZyklon's Blog!.

  2. mmartel
    June 15, 2014

    Reblogged this on Weltanschauung and commented:
    Communists vs. “Reactionary Underground” in Stalinist Poland

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

Information

This entry was posted on June 14, 2014 by in History, Home Army/ Armia Krajowa, Poland.

Archives

Blog Stats

  • 1,269,189 hits
June 2014
M T W T F S S
 1
2345678
9101112131415
16171819202122
23242526272829
30  

Opinie wyrażane w tekstach lub komentarzach pod artykułami publikowanymi na łamach JUSTICE4POLAND są własnością autorów i niekoniecznie odpowiadają opiniom wyrażanym przez nasza Redakcje .

 

 

 

 

 

Follow Justice4Poland.com on WordPress.com

All information, data, and material contained, presented, or provided on justice4poland.com is for educational purposes only. It is not to be construed or intended as providing medical or legal advice. Any views expressed here-in are not necessarily those held by justice4poland.com

ENOUGH LIES

DOSYĆ KŁAMSTW

Walczmy z przejawami antypolonizmu

Translate

WOLNI SŁOWIANIE

Celem jest wpłynięcie na pobudkę polskich Słowian, abyśmy odzyskali naszą ojczyznę

Tarig Anter on Protect & Reinvent Democracy

Protect Democracy & Expose Western Liberal Democracy

xebola

"Dla triumfu zła potrzeba tylko, by dobrzy ludzie nic nie robili"

Wirtualna Polonia BIS im. Włodka Kulińskiego

" - Wyśmiewani za niemodny patriotyzm, wierni Bogu i Ojczyźnie podnieśliśmy głowy."

AdNovum

Prawda zawsze zwycięża

M-forum A.V Live.

TU ZNAJDZIESZ CODZIENNIE PONAD 150 INFORMACJI NIUS BEZ CENZURY !! ORAZ TRANSMISJE LIVE STREAM I MATERIAŁY AUDIO I WIDEO W ORYGINALE DOŁACZ SWOJĄ STRONĘ LUB BLOGA DO PROMOWANYCH I POLECANYCH STRON PRZEZ M-FORUM

Paradigm Shift 101

Looking at the world in a different light

WIERNI POLSCE SUWERENNEJ

Strona Stowarzyszenia Wierni Polsce Suwerennej

Niezłomni.com

Connecting true geography and detailed unfolding of wide variety of crimes perpetrated by German/Ukrainian Nazis and jewish bolsheviks of Soviet Union on the Polish nation.

WOLNI SŁOWIANIE

Celem jest wpłynięcie na pobudkę polskich Słowian, abyśmy odzyskali naszą ojczyznę

Tarig Anter on Protect & Reinvent Democracy

Protect Democracy & Expose Western Liberal Democracy

xebola

"Dla triumfu zła potrzeba tylko, by dobrzy ludzie nic nie robili"

Wirtualna Polonia BIS im. Włodka Kulińskiego

" - Wyśmiewani za niemodny patriotyzm, wierni Bogu i Ojczyźnie podnieśliśmy głowy."

AdNovum

Prawda zawsze zwycięża

M-forum A.V Live.

TU ZNAJDZIESZ CODZIENNIE PONAD 150 INFORMACJI NIUS BEZ CENZURY !! ORAZ TRANSMISJE LIVE STREAM I MATERIAŁY AUDIO I WIDEO W ORYGINALE DOŁACZ SWOJĄ STRONĘ LUB BLOGA DO PROMOWANYCH I POLECANYCH STRON PRZEZ M-FORUM

Paradigm Shift 101

Looking at the world in a different light

WIERNI POLSCE SUWERENNEJ

Strona Stowarzyszenia Wierni Polsce Suwerennej

Niezłomni.com

Connecting true geography and detailed unfolding of wide variety of crimes perpetrated by German/Ukrainian Nazis and jewish bolsheviks of Soviet Union on the Polish nation.

Niezależne Media Podlasia

Just another WordPress.com site

SKRiBH

zeskrobywanie nieprawdy i czepianie się słów

Connecting true geography and detailed unfolding of wide variety of crimes perpetrated by German/Ukrainian Nazis and jewish bolsheviks of Soviet Union on the Polish nation.

Wolna Polska – Wiadomości

Connecting true geography and detailed unfolding of wide variety of crimes perpetrated by German/Ukrainian Nazis and jewish bolsheviks of Soviet Union on the Polish nation.

Spory o historię i współczesność

Prywatny blog historyczny Bohdana Piętki

Kekusz.pl

Connecting true geography and detailed unfolding of wide variety of crimes perpetrated by German/Ukrainian Nazis and jewish bolsheviks of Soviet Union on the Polish nation.

ProstoPoPolsku

Connecting true geography and detailed unfolding of wide variety of crimes perpetrated by German/Ukrainian Nazis and jewish bolsheviks of Soviet Union on the Polish nation.

Wiadomości

Connecting true geography and detailed unfolding of wide variety of crimes perpetrated by German/Ukrainian Nazis and jewish bolsheviks of Soviet Union on the Polish nation.

Connecting true geography and detailed unfolding of wide variety of crimes perpetrated by German/Ukrainian Nazis and jewish bolsheviks of Soviet Union on the Polish nation.

Vanishing American II

OURSELVES AND OUR POSTERITY

%d bloggers like this: